What is Water Softening and How Does a Water Softener Work?


Water is a gift of nature. It is that thing that has no enemy. Everyone needs water everyday, in fact, water is so important that it is said to be up to 75% of the entire body fluid.

There are different sources of water, such as rain, river, ocean, stream, lake, well, etc. Based on the source of water, water can be classified into various classes. We have saltwater and freshwater; we also have hard water and soft water.

The focus of this article is to deal with the issue of water hardness. But, what does it mean for water to be hard? Hard water is simply the type of water that is very high in mineral content. The high mineral content of hard water is majorly due to the interaction between the water and certain constituents if the soil such as gypsum, limestone and chalk which are very rich in calcium and magnesium salts, particularly the carbonates, bicarbonates and sulfates.

Why is hard water of interest?

The reason is not far fetched, it is because hard water possesses a lot of limitations to the utilities of water. Hard water is not for use both at home and even in the industry. Hard water has been implicated in calcification of taps, kettles, and boilers. Hard water forms scum and in fact does not form lather easily with soap. It could be of interest for you to take checkup hard water vs soft water as this would help further enlighten you the very basis of water softening.

Can hard water be softened?

Yes, it can. And from the above explanation of what hard water is, it is obvious that soft water would be any water that is free of unnecessary mineral contents like the calcium and magnesium salts.

So basically, water softening is aimed at the elimination of all the limitations posed by the hardness of the water. This, making water useful for use both at home and in industries.

There are those of water softeners and they all have their unique way of helping to achieve the same goal of water softening.

  • Salt-free water softener: For this type of water softener they do not make use of salt at all. These naked water softeners are suitable for people who have high sensitivity for salt. Certain reviews state that the salt-free scalers may not be as efficient as the salt-based scares. But trust me it is the best for those who have been advised to avoid sodium or potassium intake or reduce to the nearest minimum. And the good thing is that they remove the lime scales and reduce water hardness just like every other perfect water softener.
  • Magnetic water descaler: For this type of water softener, it has a unique system of operation, so it is not as popular as the others. It us one if the most effective and it is stress-free to use. The water descalers are electrical devices and they have no way of affecting the piping system already existing in your house. This brings to mind their ease of installation. Installation is very simple, you simply wrap the wire around the pipes and the electricity flowing would generate a magnetic field around the pipe and the water, such that the minerals are transformed, and the water becomes soft water.
  • Dual tank water softener: For dual tank water softeners, that come in pairs. The pair is made up of one brine tank and two large iron tanks. For large families, this is one of the best choices to make. Dual tank water softeners are heavy-duty systems for this type of water softener you don’t have to wait for it to complete the regeneration process before you can get soft water to use. The tanks work in an alternate manner, that is while one tank undergoes regeneration the other is functioning optimally to release soft water.

  • Salt based water softeners:  just as their name implies, they work effectively based on the usage of salt. Salt-based water softener is one of the most popular softeners around. It can also be called ion exchange softeners this is because they exchange the unwanted calcium an or magnesium ion with sodium or potassium ion from their salt content. All you need to do is to replace the salt as needed when it gets depleted.